An Overview of Strokes

A stroke happens when the brain does not receive enough oxygen due to a block or bleeding of the blood vessels that reduces the supply of blood to the brain. This is an emergency that must be treated immediately or else it can lead to disability or death.

Types of Stroke

There are 3 types of stroke: Ischemic stroke is the most common type of stroke where a blood clot disrupts the supply of blood and oxygen to the brain. Hemorrhagic stroke is when a blood vessel ruptures usually due to aneurysms. The third type of stroke is Transient ischemic attack, also known as a Ministroke occurs when the blood flow to the brain is disrupted for a small period of time and then resumes normally again.

Symptoms

The symptoms of a stroke can suddenly appear without any warning. It can include confusion in speech, headaches, numbness, vision problems or lack of coordination. While the symptoms may vary from person to person, understanding the acronym FAST will help one identify the problem quickly.  FAST stand for: Face drooping, Arm weakness, Speech issues, Time to act

Treatment

While the symptoms of a ministroke disappear without treatment. The other 2 types have different causes and effects thus requiring different treatment. However for both quick diagnosis and treatment is required to reduce the amount of brain damage. A stroke can have permanent or temporary effects on the body and recovery will include various therapies such as speech, occupational, physical etc.

Risk Factors

There  are a number of reasons for a stroke. However, usually those over 55 years having a family history or being overweight are at higher risk. Those with high cholesterol, high blood pressure or diabetes and those who are sedentary and have an unhealthy lifestyle are prone to a stroke as well.

Prevention

A stroke can be prevented by making lifestyle changes. A good nutritious diet, and maintaining a healthy weight can reduce one’s chances of having a stroke.

To know more about the different types of stroke,symptoms,  treatment, risk factors and prevention click here: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/7624#symptoms

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