Diabetes – Types, Complications And Prevention

Publisher: International Diabetes Federation

Diabetes occurs when the pancreas can no longer make insulin, or the body is unable to use the insulin adequately which leads to raised glucose levels in the blood. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from the food get into your cells to produce energy.

There are 3 types of diabetes:

Type 1 Diabetes – Usually occurs on children and adolescents but can develop at any age. In type 1 diabetes the body produces very little or no insulin so daily insulin injections will be required.

Type 2 Diabetes – The most common type and usually affects adults. In type 2 diabetes the body does not make good use of the insulin that it produces. Type 2 diabetes can be controlled with a healthy lifestyle. However, in most cases oral drugs and/or insulin may be required.

Gestational Diabetes – This type of diabetes occurs during pregnancy and can cause complication to the mother and child. It usually disappears after pregnancy, but mother and children are still at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes

Diabetic patients are at higher risk of developing a number of serious illnesses. Apart from regular infections, Consistently high blood glucose levels can affect the heart and blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, nerves and teeth. Diabetes is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease, blindness, kidney failure, and lower limb amputation. To prevent these complications, maintaining close to normal levels is crucial. Regular monitoring is the key to maintain blood glucose levels, blood pressure and cholesterol.

Type 1 Diabetes unfortunately cannot be prevented but Type 2 Diabetes can be prevented or controlled with lifestyle modifications. IDF also has a number of recommendations for a healthy diet.

To read the full article, click here https://www.idf.org/aboutdiabetes/what-is-diabetes.html

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