What are the legal rights for persons with disabilities?
The Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities in the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment facilitates empowerment of the persons with disabilities, who as per Census 2011 are 2.68 crore and are 2.21 percent of the total population of the Country. These include persons with Seeing, Hearing, Speech, Movement, Mental Retardation, Mental Illness, Multiple Disability and any other disabilities.
Read here to know more about the legal rights of the disabled in India as per the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act 2016.
What are some of the benefits for disabled people?
For citizens with disabilities, the government has allowed several benefits and facilities. These benefits vary from state to state and also according to the type and extent of disability. However the person needs to have appropriate authentication with a disability certificate or equivalent. The following are some of the general facilities that a disability certificate holder can avail of. If you want to get any of these benefits, we advise you to get more specific information:
- Scholarship schemes for students with disabilities. Additional Info
- Concession in Railway and Air fare. Additional Info
- Rebate in income tax. Additional Info
- Reservation in government jobs. Additional Info
- Free travel in state transport buses. Additional Info
- Loan for starting own business. Additional Info
- Subsidized prosthetic aids and assistive devices (like wheelchairs). Additional Info
- Group insurance for government employees with disabilities. Additional Info
- Unemployment allowance to educated disabled persons. Additional Info
- Other Schemes by Government and state government specific schemes. Additional Info
You can download and print a document with the benefits and expanded links here.
How can disability be authenticated and verified?
In India, there are two ways of authentication of a person with disability by the government.
- Disability Certificate (By The Government of India or State Governments)
- Unique Disability ID Card UDID (Universal ID in common centralized format for Disabled people By Government of India)
The difference between a Disability Certificate and UDID is that Disability Certificates are available in different formats and in different languagesas per each individual state, whereas UDID is provided in the centralized format.
A person having only the state specific disability certificate is likely to face difficulties in Inter-State authentication process because of the different formats and a person with UDID is less likely to face such difficulties because of its uniformity.
It is preferable to have both of these documents.However,it is important to note that currently the Disability Certificate covers more types of disabilities as compared to UDID (the coverage is being enhanced in view of the 2016 Act)
The Information given below is a guide for obtaining a Disability Certificate. If you want to know more about UDID then refer to this Link.
What is a Disability Certificate?
A disability certificate (also known as a PwD certificate or PH certificate or handicap certificate) is a document that certifies the type and extent of the holder’s disability. In India, this certificate is usually issued by medical boards constituted in certain government hospitals. Disability certificate is an important document for persons with disabilities because it entitles the holder to get benefits/facilities and the rights of persons with disabilities. The government of India and state governments provide a host of facilities to people with disabilities but all these facilities are available only to those who hold a valid disability certificate.